Windmill from the village of Gostomlya (museum «Kursk»)Short description
The windmill from the village of Gostomlya (Medvensky district, Kursk region) was built around the first decades of the 20th century, was transported to the local history museum "Kursk" (Kursk region) in 1970. Smock mill with four sails and one pair of millstones. Log construction. Unique details: spindle is a vertical shaft, like in post-based mills. Was used as a flour mill (flour).
|Condition||The windmill is conserved|
|Status||In a museum, but not used|
|Mechanism||Restored, but not used|
The mill is located in the yard of Kursk Local History Museum and is similar to other Chernozem region mills: it’s quite low and has a pair of millstones.
There are two good descriptions of the mill: here and here (in the middle). Calling for restoration is there as well.
Judging by the photographs, the mechanism of the mill is different. The iron spindle replaces the vertical/upright shaft and enters the runner stone from above, not from below. This design is more common in direct/noninverted post-based mills. The device that regulates the distance between the millstones and the quality of the grinding is apparently located downstairs. The wallower is iron, and the vat is made of tin. If this is not the result of the restoration process, then this mill is a very interesting example of late construction, when iron was actively used. Similar mechanism is in the windmill from "Tatar Avyly" museum.
In addition, it is very likely that almost all parts of the mechanism are in place, which means that the mill can be functionally restored. Although probably it’s a good idea to pick a more windy place than the courtyard of the museum first.