The windmill from the village of Kochemlevo (Kashinsky district, Tver region) was built around the second half of the 19th century, was transported to the museum of wooden architecture "New Jerusalem" (Moscow region) in 1974. Smock mill with horizontal shaft, four sails and two pairs of millstones. Sheathed Frame. Was used as a flour mill (flour), a crushing mill (grain), butter churn (butter), honey extractor (honey), sawmill (shingles).
|Condition||The windmill is restored|
|Mechanism||Conserved, not restored|
Sails, Windshaft, Brake wheel, Tailpole, Other processing mechanisms, Upright shaft, Wallover, Camwheel, Spurwheel, Horisontal shaft, Camwheel of the horizontal shaft.Millstone mechanism:
Wheel (stonenut or spurwheel), Hopper, Shoe, Vat.Crushing system mechanism:
Mealspout, Mealspout, Mealspout.
The mill in New Jerusalem is a unique object.
Firstly, it is one of the two existing mills with a horizontal shaft (the second is in Kostroma ). The horizontal shaft means that the mill is a like full-scope factory. The horizontal shaft goes throughout the huge (in comparison with all other mills) barn. The horizontal shaft gives the rotary motion, and if necessary, it is connected and disconnected to various working mechanisms.
Secondly, this mill has most fully preserved these mechanisms. Here you can see the butter churn, part of the sawmill and the honey extractor. These mechanisms haven’t been preserved anywhere else! In addition, it has two pairs of millstones and a crushing system. This is an amazing unique set of gears.
In addition, the mill has all the wooden parts of the windmills. The spindle is replaced by a rope that regulates the amout of grain, and the hoppers are hanging on special supports instead of the cranes.
Unfortunately, the condition of the mill leaves much to be desired. Well, of course, it has been completely restored and it is under no threat. But such an object, which is only forty kilometers away from Moscow, and which attracts crowds of tourists, has to operate for sure. However, despite the numerous statements that the mill will start the moment you pull off the brake, it is far from being functionally restored. The gears work at wrong angles, the shafts have come off the axes, etc.
You can visit the mill on your own or with a guide. If you are not sure you will be able to identify the functional purpose of all the gears, it is better to choose the second option, otherwise it won’t be interesting. Once a year they hold here a wind festival, which you can read about here or here. Even Dutch mill specialists come here. Unfortunately, it is more talking than doing. Recently, a new museum complex has been built on the other side of the New Jerusalem Monastery, so now there would be hardly a tourist who will reach these three lonely wooden buildings. It's a pity because New Jerusalem mill is one of the most interesting exhibits!